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Estonia is situated in the Baltic region and is one of the three Baltic states, along with Latvia and Lithuania. The country has a population of 1.3 million and an area of 45,295 square kilometers. This small country is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state. It’s capital and largest city is Tallinn. The official language is Estonian, but Russian is also spoken. The country is a member of the European Union, The United Nations and NATO.

Estonia is a small country located in the Baltic region of Europe.

It has a population of 1.3 million people and an area of 1,295 square kilometers. Estonia is bordered by Latvia to the north, Lithuania to the east, Russia to the south, and Gulf of Finland to the west.

Estonia was first settled by Finno-Ugric people in the first century AD.

They were the first known inhabitants of the country. These people arrived in the region about 5,000 years ago. The Finno-Ugric people were a nomadic people who hunted, fished, and gathered berries and other foods. They also settled in Finland and the two countries share a common ancestry and similar language structure.

Estonia became a republic in 1918.

Estonia became a republic in 1918, following the collapse of the Russian Empire. The republic was founded by the Estonian National Revolutionary Committee, which was led by Jaan T├Ánisson. It declared itself independent from Russia on February 24, 1918. This lasted until 1934, when it was annexed by the Soviet Union.

During World War 2 Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union.

This occupation lasted from 1940 to 1991. During this time, the Soviet Union forced the Estonians to conform to their communist ideology. They also forced the Estonians to join the Soviet Union military and government. The Soviet Union also forced the Estonians to adopt the Russian language as their primary language. Despite the occupation, the Estonians continued to live their lives. They continued to work and raise their families. They also continued to celebrate their culture and heritage. The Soviet Union ultimately collapsed in 1991. This allowed the Estonians to finally regain their independence. They now enjoy

Estonia regained its independence in 1991.

Estonia regained its independence from the Soviet Union on August 10, 1991. The country had been under Soviet control for over 40 years. The independence of the country was a pivotal moment in the history of the Soviet Union, and it led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union two years later.

Estonia Today

Estonia is a vibrant modern republic. The country is often called the Silicon Valley of Europe as it has the highest amount of Tech startup companies per head in Europe. It is also the home of SKYPE.

Where to go in Estonia?

About 50% of Estonia is natural forest. There are five regions of the country. There is Tallinn region, the North Region, The South region, The West Region and the Islands Region.

Tallinn the Capital of Estonia

Tallinn is the capital city of Estonia. Among other things it is the holiday destination of a lifetime. This region of country combines all of the modern comforts. A great nightlife with the historical cultural surroundings of the local scene.Tallinn was first founded in the pioneering days of the medieval time. Moreover Tallinn is a vibrant brew of the old and the new. As a matter of fact due to the smallnest of the capital and it’s naturally green city you can cover an amazing amount of this region in just a short time. The city is blessed with many short scenic walkways.The old town of Tallinn is famous for being one of the worlds foremost preserved Hanseatic town centres. At the same time just a short walk away you will discover ultra modern Tallinn. It is complete with skyscrapers, five star hotels, Avant gard areas and modern shopping malls.The coastal region of Tallinn has a plethora of promenades and beautiful sandy beaches. These are appreciated in the summer months. Tallinn is the first point of entry to Estonia for the majority of tourists and visitors. Fortunatly the city centre is just a short drive from the airport, the train station, the bus terminal or the ferry. In summery the Tallin region is an amazing mix of the old and the modern. Truely a region not to be missed.

North Estonia

The call of nature, green forests, unique wildlife, fisherman villages and historical towns this is the setting of North Estonia. The area surrounding the small capital city of Tallinn. The North Estonian region is an area for everybody to enjoy. It’s medieval castles and romantic manors as well as it’s 20th century military history are all exciting visits. Not to mention the Pine Tree plantations encompassing beautiful long sandy beaches. Couple this with it’s parks and wilderness areas. This being an area close to Tallinn. This region can be enjoyed all year round. The call of nature is very loud in this region. For the adventurous there are scenis coastal walks where you can view limestone cliffs that have hidden sediments and fossils that are millions of years old. Moreover during the summer months a boat ride will take you to the many rural islands that dot the northern coast. From this area you can then take a trip to Central Estonia, Lahemaar National Park, Alutaguse National Park, Northern Korvemaa Natual Reserve, Rakvere, Narva and Narva Joesuu and Tallinn surroundings.

South Estonia

The almost bottomless blue lakes surrounded by the undulating hills and valleys of South Estonia are what make this destination a foremost region to visit. One of Estonia’s largest national parks, deep forests, quaint villages and rustic towns these are part of Southern Estonia’s features. As well as old manors and historical churches. Thsi region is also home to the indigenous peoples called the Seto as well as the Ultra conservative Russian orthodox communities of the Old Believers.

Amont the south features is the oldest town in the Baltic’s called Tartu. This is also the home of northern Europe’s oldest University. The place where cutting edge discoveries were made from the 17th century. Moreover Otepaa a town close by has been where many Olympic medalists trained. Not to mention the fact it is also a great place for winter sports and wild trips into the wilderness. As well as for the less adventurous there are the science exhibitions.


From the South you can venture to the Setomaa the land of the Seto People.


A quaint small town secluded in the southern Estonian forests. There are to be found the castle ruins. The previous home to the Livonian Order. Lovers of both nature and culture will be blessed with the beautiful wooden architecture and the magnificent views of the lake nearby. Viljandi is certainly a must place to visit.Tartu one of Europe’s oldest universities resides here.


Tartu is also home to the Estonian National Museum. As well as a modern nightlife. One of the folksy visions as you arrive in Tartu is the statue of kissing students. The statue stands in the town square surrounded by museums, upbeat cafes and a large park encompassing a hill.

Soomaa National Park

This Park has giant bogs encompassed by wild forests and rivers of various sizes. It is a place where one can get back to nature an area of various flood-meadows and wooded flowered meadows. All untouched natural reserve.Soomaa is best known for what is called the fifth season or the great flood. This happens when the water from melted snow or heavy rains covers the roads making the only means of transport shallow boats or canoes.


This is Estonia’s winter holiday destination. It is a small town snuggled within the southern Estonian hills. it is the place for lovers of snow. All snow sports can be enjoyed here. Skiing, snowboarding, skating. The town has luxurious spa hotels, modern restaurants and quaint cafes. Tha area is also a popular summer destination. Hiking, bike riding and weekend camping trips to Puhajarve one of Estonia’s largest lakes.


Peipsimaa is on the western coast of the 4th largest lake in Europe. This area is blessed with traditional culture, rustic country roads. it is also a fisherman destination for those that enjoy fishing on water in the summer month or on the ice during the winter months.

West Estonia

Encircling the Western part of Estonia is the Baltic Sea. The western coastline is dotted with beautiful sandy beaches and quaint seaside villages. Intermingled along the coastline are several holiday resorts and spas. Visitors have many ways to arrive at this magical coastline of natural beaches either by yacht or ferry.The two main attractions in the west are the resort towns of Parnu and Haapsalu. Here can be seen quaint wooden architecture and in the summer months there is a plethora of outdoor concerts and many outdoor dining experiences. Scandinavian and Baltic states visitors are familiar with the need to book early to enjoy the wests magnificent sandy beaches and endless summer nights.The west is also a birdwatches paradise and a great way to see the wildlife of the country. Aditionally here is the huge Soomaa national park. Millions of migratory birds use this park as a temporary resting place every year. In the distance you can often hear the howl from the local wolves that reside in the park.


Just 2 hours drive from Tallinn is the resort town of Haapsalu. In the past it was a favourite summer destination for the aristocracy of Russia. During the summer months several festivals are held in the town. The town is also home to a number of highly regarded restaurants.


Parnu is Estonia’s most favourite holiday destination. It’s attractions are numerous along with it’s long sandy beaches there is a plethora of restaurants, cafes, cocktail bars and spas. All attribute to the areas relaxation and casual atmosphere.Parnu is Estonia’s largest municipality almost equally that of Berlin. However no matter how large the region is there is just 60 people per square kilometre.

The Islands of Estonia

The many islands of Estonia have very individual attractions. Each has it’s own ancient history.The West Estonian Archipelago is also a part of the UNESCO Man and Bioshere reserve. The islanders produce excellent natural foods. Moreover their arts and crafts are inspired by their natural surroundings. There are daily ferry’s to the most popular islands. They being Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Ruhnu, and Vormsi.

Saaremaa and Muhu

Saaremaa being Estonia’s largest island and Muhu being the third largest they both hold the greatest attraction. The Estonians love to spend their summer holidays off the mainland and these two islands are among their favourite. Along with the islands varied flora and fauna due to it’s gentle climate and lime rich soil. For the naturalist there are the Viidumae Nature Reserve and the Vilsandi National Park. Wild Orchids and thousands of migratory birds are among their most popular attractions.


Hiiumaa is Estonia’s second largest island. It’s has many very popular attractions. There are it’s historical lighthouses and it’s unspoilt nature. Especially enjoyed by surfers, swimmers sailors and the lovers of nature. Hiiumaa has plenty for everyone. The island is approximately 1/3 the size of Saaremaa. This is an attraction for those seeking a more secluded island holiday.


The most southern island in Estonia is Ruhnu. This island sits just off the coast of Latvia. Often referred to as the pearl of the Gulf of Riga. Ruhnu has less than 100 permanent inhabitants.


Once the home of coastal Swedes Vormsi is just the holiday island for those wanting a peaceful and quiet time. Those interested in the history of the coastal Swedes will also be rewarded.



Hi I am a retired chef and a former world traveler. I have traveled all over the globe and have lived and worked in may different countries. I am now writing a sponsored travel blog. I hope that you will find the information useful among your travel guides.

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